Mobile Money: CBN Raises Limits On Three-Tiered KYC Requirements

Mobile Money: CBN Raises Limits On Three-Tiered KYC Requirements


Post Views: 4,228 Poised to enhance access to financial services through the mobile money services, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), on Monday annou...

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Poised to enhance access to financial services through the mobile money services, the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN), on Monday announced an upward review of daily transaction limit and balance limit on mobile money wallets based on the three-tier Know-Your-Customer requirements set in a January 18, 2013 circular titled “Introduction of three-tiered Know Your Customer Requirements.”
While the daily cumulative transaction limit was raised from N20,000 single deposit amount to N50,000 for tier 1 customers, the maximum cumulative balance limit was increased to N300,000 from N200,000; level two bank customers had their daily limits graduated from N50,000 to N200,000, just as the maximum balance limit now stands at N500,000.
Meanwhile, the daily balance for tier-three now stands at N5,000,000, as against the previous N100,000; cumulative balance is now unlimited.
The review, according to a circular by ‘Dipo Fatokun, Director, Banking & Payments System Department of the CBN, dated September 7, 2017, “to afford users of Mobile Money Services more flexibility in the use of mobile money wallet.”
He further clarified “that the Mobile Money wallet holders on Tiered KYC Level 1 are not required to provide Bank Verification Number as part of the KYC documentation, while BVN is mandatory for Mobile Money Wallet holders on KYC levels 2 and 3.”
While introducing the tiered KYC requirements in 2013, the apex bank acknowledged that access to basic banking facilities and other financial services is necessary in achieving its policy on financial inclusion, hence the need to ensure that socially and financial disadvantaged persons are not excluded from opening accounts or obtaining other financial services for lack of acceptable means of identification.
The three-tiered KYC regime, the circular signed by Chris Chukwu, Director, Financial Policy and Regulation Department of the apex bank, explained at the time, “seeks to implement a flexible account opening requirements for low-value and medium-value account holders subject to caps and transaction restrictions.”
This class of persons, he noted, had already been provided for in the CBN AML/CFT Regulations, 2009, as part of promoting financial inclusion, following data showing that 56.3m, or 64.1% of Nigeria’s adult population at the time, did not have access to financial services.
This poor level of financial inclusion was blamed on factors such as irregular income, unemployment, distance and low level of bank branches; besides the cumbersome account opening requirments/proceduces.
It was in recognition of this inequality in social and economic circumstances, the CBN continued, that paragraphs of the AML/CFT Regulation, 2009 (as amended) provided broad principles for addressing the challenge such as allowing clergymen, village/clan heads, headmasters, etc with acceptable means of identification to identify such socially disadvantaged persons.
The latest CBN circular however did not alter basic customer information requirement, which includes passport photograph; name, place and date of birth, gender, address, telephone number, etc for Tier 1 accounts.
Although there is no requirement for verification of evidence of information provided by customers, such “are to be verified against similar information contained in the official data-bases e.g. National Identity Management Commission (NIMC), Independent National Electoral Commission (INEC) Voter Register, Federal Road Safety Commission (FRSC), etc.”